Town hall, Chemnitz
Town hall, Chemnitz - ©Uwe Kaufmann, https://flic.kr/p/akL2dK

KRACH - Kreativraum Chemnitz


Icons use case study city info

City

Chemnitz

Icons use case study main actors

Main actors

City Government, Community / Citizen Group

Icons use case study project area

Project area

Whole City/Administrative Region

Icons use case study duration

Duration

Ongoing since 2017/01

Rent free space allows innovation to flourish.

The City of Chemnitz has adopted a novel business support model pioneered by the City of Bologna to stimulate its cultural and creative industries. By providing local makers space, funds and support to unleash their talents and start their own businesses, the city aims to boost the sector and its ambition to become a cultural capital.

Sustainable Development Goals

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
City
Chemnitz, Germany

Size and population development
The city has a total population of 247,683, comprised of 50.7% females and 49.3% males. The 0-17 demographic makes up 12.4% of the population, the 18-64 demographic is 60.7% of the population, while 26.9% of the population is 65 years and older with the largest subset group being 60-69 years. 94.1% of the population list their country of birth as Germany. 2.1% identify as Catholic, 12.9% as protestant and 85.0% list their religion as ‘other/no/unknown’. (source: www.chemnitz.de)

Main functions
Chemnitz (known from 1953 to 1990 as Karl-Marx-Stadt), is the third-largest city in the Free State of Saxony. The city lies along the Chemnitz River, at the north foot oft the Ore Mountains, south west of Dresden.

Main industries / business
Chemnitz economy is based on the service sector and manufacturing industry. The city is a transportation hub and industrial centre, with light and heavy engineering, a textile industry, and factories for automobiles and electronics.

Sources for city budget
The City of Chemnitz draws its budget for public expenditure largely from taxes, transfers received, fees, fines, and operating revenues.

Administrative structure
The City Council meets once a month and is comprised of 60 elected citizens and the mayor, who acts as chairperson. The city administration staff prepare policy, budget and project documents, which are reviewed and approved or rejected by the city council. In addition, the City Council of Chemnitz has eight decision-making committees, to which the City Council has assigned certain areas of responsibility for permanent settlement. Chemnitz is an independent city which is not part of any county and seat of the Landesdirektion Sachsen

A research visit to Bologna as part of the Culture for Cities and Regions programme inspired the City of Chemnitz to adopt the Italian city’s model for promoting creative activities. Here the Chemnitz team saw thriving initiatives such as a disused cellar converted into a concert venue with a bicycle park and an old bus terminal transformed into an art gallery. The team also saw that, like Bologna, Chemnitz had a lot of unused space and a desire to revitalise urban districts through cultural development.

The team behind Bologna’s IncrediBOL! project has been extremely supportive, answering questions and talking to stakeholders from Chemnitz to build trust in what the City wanted to achieve. With strong support back in Chemnitz, a project modelled on Bologna’s IncrediBOL! gained political support. The one significant change made to Bologna’s model relates to the spaces. As well as offering unused municipal spaces, the City of Chemnitz negotiated with private landlords to offer empty rooms rent-free to support the city’s creatives.

The project was named KRACH (Noise), to reflect that where there is noise there is energy, activity and creativity. It offers space free of charge for three years as well as a start-up budget of €2,500 plus free advice on business, law and marketing.

To find people who could fill these spaces with noisy, daring and commercially-viable creative activities, an open call was put out to local, national and international changemakers via Facebook, lobby groups, media and events. Proposals could be for a start-up or for a new business less than four years old. To remove barriers to entry, the application process was made simple. Applicants were asked to send in a project outline, a basic financial plan and a CV - in any form, conventional or creative. They could also say which of the available spaces, featured on the project website, would best suit their idea.

Over 50 applications were received by the closing date in January 2018. They were then judged by an international jury. This included, among others, the head of IncrediBOL! and representatives from CWE, partner departments, EUROCITIES and the local and regional creative industry lobby groups. Their task was to identify the most innovative proposals, evaluating each on the basis of feasibility, skills, professionalism, sustainability, social interest and connection to the city and district. The landlords also had a say in the selection of their future tenants.

As they set out on their creative journey, the competition winners, can ask for help with things like business planning and marketing strategy from successful creative companies, many from the regional creative industry lobby groups. Once a year they are asked to write a report on their progress, so the landlords who donated their space stay engaged with the project and feel invested in the success of their tenants. These reports will also be collected and published as a final project report.

The project is led by the city and Chemnitzer Wirtschaftsförderungs- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH (CWE - Economic Development Corporation), the project brought together municipal departments with a stake in its mission, such as urban planning and culture. Another project partner, Kreatives Chemnitz (Creative Chemnitz), a local non-profit lobby group for the cultural and creative industries, added value through its strong city networks.

The 11 winners represent a wide range of activities, from upcycling to fashion and software design. For one young graduate, the project means being able to move her business making industrial style lamps from discarded concrete and copper tubes out of her home into a professional space. For another group, access to the right space has enabled the establishment of a creative coffee hub. Based on a coffee roasting company, the idea is to open a café and shop where products are served and sold, and creatives can gather and find support and inspiration.

The competition has given the team behind a new app the chance to realise their dream of revolutionising music by providing digital versions of sheet music that can be edited on tablets and smartphones. Giving young artists the chance to take the first steps in their career is the goal of another winning idea which is setting up a subscription service for quality art prints.

Additionally, a new performing arts centre aims to enliven the local cultural scene by giving local and international actors and producers the space they need to rehearse and perform.

The key challenge for the Krach project is to identify and secure rent-free spaces both in the public and private sectors.

The Chemnitz/Krach team identifies the following factors in the project’s success:

  • the involvement of interdisciplinary municipal teams.
  • the establishment of an active network among the winners, which has led to mergers and collaborations.
  • enabling landlords to meet their prospective tenants at the start to allay any concerns.
  • the role of local and regional lobby groups in quickly building grassroots trust in the project.
  • continued support and communication with the City of Bologna/IncrediBOL!

Chemnitz supports creative industries, rent-free space allows innovative ideas to flourish, Eurocities, July 2018: http://nws.eurocities.eu/MediaShell/media/Chemnitz_KRACHweb.pdf

On the Map

Map placeholder

Want to know more about this project?

EUROCITIES Awards
Brussels Capital Region, Belgium

EUROCITIES Awards

Institution | Urban Award

Photo gallery